On September 13, the New York Department of Financial Services (DFS) issued a proposed rule establishing cybersecurity requirements for financial services companies, and has thus ventured into new territory for state regulators. In the words of Governor Cuomo, “New York, the financial capital of the world, is leading the nation in taking decisive action to protect consumers and our financial system from serious economic harm that is often perpetrated by state-sponsored organizations, global terrorist networks, and other criminal enterprises.”
Given the concentrated position of financial service companies in New York and the regulation’s definition of a Covered Entity – which includes “any Person operating under or required to operate under a license, registration, charter, certificate, permit, accreditation or similar authorization under the banking law, the insurance law or the financial services law” – it could create an almost de facto national standard for medium to large financial services companies, regardless of where they keep their servers or suffer a cyberattack. This type of state-level regulation is not unprecedented. In 2003, California passed a data breach notification law that requires companies doing business in California to notify California residents of the breach and more recently amended the law to require 12 months of identity protection and strengthen data security requirements. In 2009, Massachusetts enacted a regulation mandating businesses implement security controls to protect personal information relating to state residents.
The DFS designed the regulation to protect both consumers and the financial industry by establishing minimum cybersecurity standards and processes, while allowing for innovative and flexible compliance strategies by each regulated entity. Yet the proposed regulation goes further than to just ask financial entities to conduct a risk assessment and to design measures to address the identified risks.
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