FTC Releases Results of Credit Reporting Study

Posted on February 18th, 2013 in Consumer Finance, Federal Issues By BuckleySandler

On February 11, the FTC released the results of its study of the U.S. credit reporting industry, including its finding that five percent of consumers had errors on one of their three major credit reports that could lead to them paying more for products. The study also found that (i) one in four consumers identified errors on their credit reports that might affect their credit scores; (ii) one in five consumers had an error that was corrected by a credit reporting agency (CRA) after it was disputed; (iii) four out of five consumers who filed disputes experienced some modification to their credit report, with slightly more than one in 10 noticing a change in their credit score after the agencies modified errors on their credit report; (iv) approximately one in 20 consumers had a maximum score change of more than 25 points and only one in 250 consumers had a maximum score change of more than 100 points. The main types of disputed and confirmed material errors identified by the study were errors in the trade line (consumer accounts) or collections information. The FTC report is the first major study that looks at the full range of participants in the credit reporting and scoring process, including consumers; data furnishers, which include creditors, lenders, debt collection agencies, and the court system; the Fair Isaac Corporation, which develops FICO credit scores; and the national CRAs. The FTC is required to conduct a study of credit report accuracy and provide interim reports every two years, through 2012, with a final report due in 2014. Late last year, the CFPB, which shares jurisdiction over CRAs, published a white paper on its review of how the three largest CRAs manage consumer data and complaints.