Wartime Suspension of Limitations Act Suspends Statute of Limitations in False Claims Act Cases

The False Claims Act (FCA), which allows both the government and whistleblowers to seek treble damages for claims of civil fraud on the United States, is a powerful tool. In the past two years, the government has aggressively used the FCA to target financial institutions for claims of reckless lending and improper servicing. (e.g. FCA, FHA Lending, and US v. Deutsche Bank).  As events leading to the financial crisis have approached – and in some cases exceeded – the FCA’s statute of limitations, financial institutions have increasingly responded to such claims by arguing that the government did not assert them in a timely manner.

A recent Fourth Circuit decision interpreting the Wartime Suspension of Limitations Act (WSLA), an obscure act first enacted during World War II, however, threatens to make it significantly more difficult for financial institutions to assert a statute of limitations defense to FCA claims.  The case, United States ex rel. Carter v. Halliburton, came before the Fourth Circuit after a lower court dismissed an FCA lawsuit brought against Halliburton and related entities (collectively “KBR”) as barred by the FCA’s six-year statute of limitations.  In a critical decision, the Fourth Circuit reversed the dismissal on the grounds that the FCA’s statute of limitations was tolled by the WSLA. Read more…

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Special Alert: DOJ Increasingly Pursuing Monetary and Non-Monetary Relief in Civil Enforcement Actions

Government Enforcement Attorney Andrew Schilling

Last month, in a potentially significant but largely overlooked development, the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) signaled that it would “increasingly” pursue “innovative, non-monetary measures” when it settles civil fraud cases.  In remarks to the American Bar Association on June 7, 2012, Stuart F. Delery, Acting Assistant Attorney General, said it was DOJ’s “view that there will be cases in the future in which obtaining only a monetary recovery will not adequately redress the wrong.”  Responding specifically to the charge that qui tam lawsuits represent merely a “cost of doing business” and that qui tam settlements could be viewed as just another “regulatory burden,” Delery said that DOJ’s civil fraud settlements will increasingly include “non-monetary remedies and other measures to help prospectively reduce fraud.”  By way of example, he cited the Department’s recent health care fraud settlement with Abbott Laboratories, in which the $1.5 billion criminal-civil settlement included such terms as a period of probation; an “agreed statement of facts”; a corporate integrity agreement; and a requirement that the company institute additional compliance measures. Although Delery acknowledged in his remarks that seeking non-monetary relief could “prolong” or even “prevent” settlement discussions, he described it as “increasingly” DOJ’s view “that we owe it to taxpayers to do our best to implement measures to fully explain the conduct that led to the resolution, and to deter future bad acts.”

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