On June 2, the CFPB released a report with various analyses of payday loans, payday installment loans, vehicle title loans, and deposit advance products. The report’s six chapters examine: (i) consumer usage and default patterns for vehicle title installment loans and payday installment loans; (ii) consumer account activity before and after the discontinuation of deposit advance products, analyzing whether consumers who used such products “overdrew their accounts or took out payday loans more frequently after banks stopped offering the products”; (iii) the impact of varying state laws on storefront payday lending in Texas, Colorado, Washington, and Virginia; (iv) the share of payday loans that are reborrowed across states, comparing it to varying limits on renewals and requirements for cooling-off periods between the loans; (v) borrower and default patterns for storefront payday loans for three alternative definitions of the loan sequence concept; and (vi) a series of simulations regarding the estimated impacts of certain requirements on the payday, payday installment, and vehicle title loan markets. On June 2, the CFPB simultaneously released its Proposed Rule on Payday, Title, and Installment loans; to review BuckleySandler’s full coverage on the proposal, please see the Special Alert: CFPB’s Proposed Rule Regarding Payday, Title, and Certain Other Installment Loans.
On June 28, the CFPB released its monthly complaint report focusing on consumer loans, including vehicle loans and leases, installment loans, title loans, and pawn loans. According to the report, of the 906,400 consumer complaints across all products the CFPB has received as of June 1, 2016, approximately 38,500 were in the consumer loans category. Findings regarding consumer loan complaints highlighted in the report include: (i) just over half of consumer loan complaints pertain to vehicle loans, with installment loans following at 31 percent; (ii) consumers most often complain about issues related to servicing the loan, lease, or line of credit; and (iii) additional common consumer loan complaints include encountering problems when shopping for a loan, when taking out a loan, and when consumers are unable to repay a loan.
This month’s report includes a “sub product spotlight” to highlight complaints specific to auto lending, which make up 60 percent of the 38,500 consumer loan complaints the CFPB has received since July 21, 2011. Consumer loan complaints specific to auto lending include, but are not limited to: (i) payment processing issues, such as consumers not having their accounts debited timely and correctly; (ii) confusion over fees and interest rates; (iii) repossession of vehicles without notification; (iv) misleading advertising at “Buy Here Pay Here” dealerships; and (v) insufficient warranty coverage, with consumers alleging that they believed they were required to purchase warranties that did not end up covering basic repairs as they expected. Read more…
CFPB Issues Report on Payday and Installment Loans; Director Cordray Weighs in on Online Lending Industry
On April 20, the CFPB issued a report titled “Online Payday Loan Payments,” which covers an 18-month period in 2011 and 2012 and examines how online lenders’ attempts to recover debts are affecting consumers. Also on April 20, the CFPB held a press call during which Director Cordray delivered remarks regarding the small-dollar lending market, specifically focusing on findings included in the simultaneously released report. According to Director Cordray, online payday lenders have considerable power over consumers’ bank accounts because they use automated networks to deposit loans and collect payments, which often results in banks or credit unions charging consumers overdraft and non-sufficient funds fees. Director Cordray further summarized key findings from the report, including, but not limited to: (i) half of online consumers incurring an average of $185 in bank penalties – in addition to the penalties imposed by the lenders and the average annualized interest rate of 300% to 500% – as a result of reoccurring failed debits made by online payday lenders; (ii) one-third of online consumers losing their checking or savings accounts due to overdraft and non-sufficient funds fees; and (iii) consumers facing “hefty bank fee[s]” due to lenders’ repeated debit requests, despite the fact that second payment requests have a 70% failure rate, with third or subsequent payment attempts failing at an even higher rate. Director Cordray concluded by emphasizing that the CFPB’s “process of reforming the market for small-dollar loans” is ongoing, and that the CFPB will consider the data from the report as it prepares new regulations to address the industry.
CFPB Orders Subsidiary of Peer-to Peer Lending Company to Provide $700,000 in Restitution over Practices Related to its Health Care Loan Product
On August 19, the CFPB announced a consent order against a subsidiary of an online lending company, ordering the subsidiary to provide $700,000 in monetary relief to affected consumers. According to the CFPB, the subsidiary marketed two loan products at dental offices as part of its health-care services financing program – an installment loan and a deferred-interest loan – to assist consumers in paying for dental services. The CFPB contended that consumers were provided inaccurate information related to the terms and conditions of the deferred-interest loan product, finding that, in certain instances, the loan product was marketed as a “no-interest” loan. However, the dental service providers who marketed the loan product failed to note that the 22.98 percent interest rate would be added to the principal if consumers failed to pay the loan in full before the end of the promotional period.
On March 12, the Legislative Assembly of North Dakota approved legislation H.B. 1346 amending the North Dakota Retail Installment Sales Act to grant enforcement authority to a state attorney or to the North Dakota Attorney General. Under the new law, the Attorney General has all powers provided under the Act, in addition to powers provided under the state’s Unlawful Sales or Advertising Practices law. The law as amended will be effective August 1, 2015.